Although it is the first milk to be milked by man, the health qualities of goat milk have only recently been rediscovered. Compared to cow milk, goat milk is more easily digestible because it contains short-chain and medium-chain triglycerides which do not affect blood cholesterol levels. It is particularly rich in mineral salts, such as calcium and potassium, and vitamins, including B12 which is beneficial for nervous system function. In addition, it contains Taurine, an amino acid essential for the synthesis of bile, important in maintaining good eyesight and in counteracting the aging process.
Goat cheeses are rich in lactic ferments, which make them ideal in regulating intestinal flora, improving digestive function and promoting general wellbeing. For this reason, they are often recommended to those suffering from bloating and other bowel disorders. Furthermore, their strong flavour make them perfect for those who need to monitor their caloric intake as they tend to be more satisfying than cow milk cheeses.
The caloric intake derived from goat cheese, and cheese in general, varies considerably according to maturity.
100 grams of fresh goat cheese provides on average 230-260 calories, whereas the same quantity of a matured goat cheese can provide up to 320-340 calories. During the aging process, cheese loses a lot of its water content in favour of increased fats and nutrients. Those who are watching their weight should also consider the added calories of any delicious pairings with honey, fruit preserves and walnuts.